“World’s largest house of Democracy”
The Parliament House or Sansad Bhavan is one of the most impressive buildings in Delhi. Sansad Bhavan marks governance of the world's largest democracy. It is the place where parliamentarians of our country sit and discuss various issues of national interest. The Parliament House is constructed in the shape of a circle standing at a height of 75 feet and measures 570 feet in diameter.
It is here, in the central hall, that Indian Independence was proclaimed by the famous ‘tryst with destiny’ speech delivered by the first prime minister of India, Mr. Jawahar Lal Nehru. Since then the parliament house in New Delhi has witnessed many defining moments of Indian history.
Originally, the Central Hall was used as the Library of the erstwhile Central Legislative Assembly and the Council of States until 1946, when it was converted and refurbished into the Constituent Assembly Hall. The Constituent Assembly met there from December 9, 1946, to November 26, 1949, to draft the constitution. At present, the Central Hall is used for holding Joint Sittings of the two Houses. The building houses the Lok Sabha (House of the People), Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and a library hall. In between these three chambers lies a beautiful garden.
The architect of the building was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker. The foundation stone was laid by the Duke of Connaught on 12th February 1921. Construction was completed in 1927, and the building was inaugurated by Lord and Lady Irwin. The structure accommodates three semicircular structures. These houses the upper and lower houses of the parliament and the library. The chambers are attached to each other by interconnecting galleries. The magnificent building gets its distinctive look from the circular shape, and the 144 pillars of the circular corridor surrounding the three chambers.
The Parliament House is also a major attraction of tourism in New Delhi. Tourists can visit the Parliament House when the two houses are in session, subject to prior permission obtained from relevant authorities. It has a central library whose working hours are from 10 am to 6 pm. The entry pass is required to enter the library of the Parliament House of Delhi.
Open: The best time to visit Parliament House is when it is in sessions.
Entry Fee: Free
Photography: photography within the premises is not allowed without prior permission.